China’s DF-21D Missile Is a One-Shot Aircraft Carrier Killer

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军迷们早就对东风-21D呼之欲出,这不,模型都做好了

在2014年1月12日网上流传疑似东风21D反舰弹道导弹试射照片,从画面上该弹的弹头比较尖,可能是末端制导和机动的需要。

Since the end of WWII, America’s naval might has been undisputed and our aircraft carriers have been its crown jewels. However, the days of dominance could end with China’s new DF-21D ballistic missile—the only device on Earth capable of sinking an aircraft carrier—four and a half acres of sovereign US territory—with one shot.

The DF-21D (Dong-Feng 21 variant D) is the world’s first and only anti-ship ballistic missile (ASBM). It’s a two stage, land-launched missile with a maximum estimated range of 2,700 to 3,000 km. Its single fuel-air explosive warhead packs 200 to 500 kilotons. It was developed by China Changfeng Mechanics and Electronics Technology Academy as part of the country’s massive military modernization effort, an initiative focused primarily on developing overwhelming missile technologies for which there are no effective defenses. The Defense Department believes it entered active service around 2009.

While the Chinese obviously aren’t saying much on the inner workings of the new missile system, military experts believe it will rely on China’s Over the Horizon radar (OTH) to monitor a 3,000-km swath of the South China Sea, where China is now claiming dominion over. The OTH system bounces its radar signal off the ionosphere to see past the curvature of the earth. If the OTH detects a carrier battle fleet, the system instigates a set of Yaogan satellites to search the area and provide precise targeting data. Additionally, when the OTH detects an approaching fleet, the system will reportedly launch a swarm of micro-satellites into low orbit where they will help refine the targeting data further and transmit it back to the onshore command center. Meanwhile, UAVs will be launched to track the fleet. Once the missile has been launched and separated from its first stage, the warhead employs synthetic aperture radar to find the carrier. It receives real time telemetry data as it locks onto its target and initiates its terminal descent.

This capability could be used to effectively deny US carriers from intervening in, say, the Taiwan Strait. It could also be used as a very large stick in resolving local territorial disputes. Many members of the security community also worry that the FAE warheads could easily be replaced with nuclear ones. If that occurred, it would very lead to an arms race with Japan and India (neither of whom are particularly fond of the Communist PRC). Or, it could dissolve the US-Russian INF Treaty, which prevents the two countries from from deploying short and intermediate range land-based ballistic and cruise missiles.


二炮十余导弹实现齐射精确打击一目标 战力大增

有了北斗,战力更有保证

  第二炮兵某导弹旅依托现代信息技术,构建了覆盖作战全流程、全要素的立体信息网络,核心作战能力大幅跃升。

  这是首支信息化导弹旅日前进行的一次集群火力突击演练。十多枚导弹在新型机动指挥系统控制下,首次运用自动“点火”功能实施导弹齐射,对同一目标发起精确打击。这标志着多项前沿信息技术成果已转化为战斗力,信息化导弹旅初具规模。

  目前,这个信息化导弹旅已构建起了从联合作战值班室到发射单元,从主战分队到保障要素的信息共享互通、数据快速流转的导弹旅中枢神经网络。

  近年来,第二炮兵不断提高信息化条件下的威慑和实战能力,实现了从“概率瞄准”到“精确打击”,从单独发射到多弹齐射,正在由数量规模型向质量效能型,由火力主导型向信息主导型的历史性跨越。据央视


东风-21D反舰弹道导弹作战过程图